The Mythical Demons of Hell: Who’s Who in Satan’s Underworld – article

Dagon

Often depicted as a fish or fish/human hybrid, Dagon in the pantry chef of Hell and is the God of Philistines. Adopted by H.P. Lovecraft in his tales.

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Dantalion

Dantalion (or Dantalian) is a powerful Great Duke of Hell, with thirty-six legions of demons under his command; he is the 71st of 72 spirits of Solomon. He teaches all arts and sciences, and also declares the secret counsel of anyone, given that he knows the thoughts of all people and can change them at his will. He can also cause love and show the similitude of any person, show the same by means of a vision, and let them be in any part of the world they will. This demon is known to have many heads that speak through one mouth

Dommiel

Gatekeeper of Hell and responsible for terror and trembling

Dumah

The angel of the silence of death, his name deriving from the Aramaic word for ‘silence’. Dumah is one of the seven princes of Hell, allegedly leading tens of thousands of angels of destruction.

Exael

Something of a minion, his minor status allows him to wander Earth unchallenged, promoting avarice and the building of weapons of war.

Forcas

Teacher of Maths and logic in the realms of eternal fire. In charge of Lucifer’s stables.

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Furculor

Appears as a winged human.

Gaap

Governor of Southern Hell, in charge of 66 legions. Human-like, apart from massive bat wings.

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Gressil

The mirror of Saint Bernard, Gressil tempts mortals into acts of impurity and sloth.

Haurus

One of Hell’s leaders, he is able to predict the future and accurately determine the true facts of past events.

Hornblas

Demon of musical discord, his tuneless blasts summon the denizens of Hell together.

Legion

“Legion” is a group of demons referred to in the New Testament, in an incident in which Jesus performs an exorcism and the possessed man declares, “My name is Legion, for we are many.”

Appearances in popular culture:

    • My Name is Legion is a 2004 novel by A. N. Wilson.
    • Randall Flagg, the villain in Stephen King’s The Stand, refers to himself as Legion
    • It is quoted in William Peter Blatty’s novel, The Exorcist and is also the title for the book’s sequel
    • In the 1990 film The Exorcist III, Legion is referenced by the Gemini Killer
    • Legion is mentioned in the 2005 film The Exorcism of Emily Rose, when one of the demons says “I was with Legion”.
    • Legion is the name of Charles Xavier’s son in the X-Men comics.

Leraje

A mighty Great Marquis of Hell who has thirty legions of demons under his power. He causes great battles and disputes and makes gangrene wounds caused by arrows. He is depicted as a gallant and handsome archer clad in green, carrying a bow and quiver.

leg

Leviathan

As his name suggests, responsible for the infernal navy and on stand-by to devour all the unsaved on Judgement Day. Created on the same day as Behemoth.

Appearances in popular culture:

      • In Paradise Lost, Milton uses the term Leviathan to describe the size and power of Satan, the ruler of many kingdoms.
      • George Oppen’s seminal 1962 poem “Leviathan” addresses the leviathan of the all-consuming force of mankind’s own actions, which Oppen felt posed a very real threat to human survival.
      • In the gothic soap opera Dark Shadows, the Leviathans are an ancient race of beings who ruled the Earth before mankind came into existence.
      • Leviathan is a 1989 science-fiction horror film
      • In the Hellraiser series by Clive Barker, the deity that rules Hell is named Leviathan. However, this being takes the form of a gigantic lozenge, rotating in the air above its realm, and pertains in no other way to a sea monster.

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Mammon (demon of averice and greed)

Mammon is heavily associated with England and is ranked amongst the most influential of all the princes of Hell. Bent double from the speed of his fall from grace, he spends his days staring at the ground, tempting men into acts of jealousy for material goods.

Appearances in popular culture:

      • In John Milton’s Paradise Lost, Mammon is a fallen angel, described as being “more interested in heaven’s pavements,” than the leader. He tells the other fallen angels to be content in Hell.
      • The Phantom of the Opera worships Mammon in Frederick Forsyth’s The Phantom of Manhattan.
      • In The Alchemist by Ben Jonson, Sir Epicure Mammon is a man obsessed with material wealth.
      • In the film Constantine – Mammon is the son of Lucifer/Satan himself
      • Mammon is a 2014 TV mini series from Norway.
      • Mozilla Firefox – In The Book of Mozilla easter egg found on the Mozilla Firefox browser, the term Mammon is used to refer metaphorically to Microsoft Internet Explorer

mamm

Mephistopheles (the destroyer/prince of deceit)

Now used to describe any act of pretence or falsehood, he has been known to try to lead even God astray and leads humans to sell their souls.

Appearances in popular culture:

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  • The messenger who brokers a deal with the Devil in Christopher Marlowe’s The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus of 1604
  • In Goethe’s Faust, Mephisto is the personified principle of negation
  • Notable operatic appearances include d The Damnation of Faust (La Damnation de Faust) by Hector Berlioz (1846) and Charles Gounod’s Faust (1859)
  • In the 1981 movie Mephisto, which won an Oscar in 1982 for Best Foreign Film, actor Klaus Maria Brandauer plays a German stage actor whose abiding ambition is to play Mephistopheles on the stage – but in order to achieve it, he “sells his soul” to the Nazi regime and in effect becomes Faust in real life.
  • Mephisto is a character who acts as a possible version of the devil in the Marvel comic universe. Among other feats, he is responsible for turning Johnny Blaze into the Ghost Rider, fathers Satana, Daimon Hellstrom and Blackheart, and imprisons the soul of Doctor Doom’s mother
  • During their Zoo TV store, the singer Bono of the band U2 appeared on stage dressed in the character of Mephistopheles
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    Minos

    Tasked with allocating the various infernal tortures to unlucky sinners entering Hell. Referred to in Greek myth and Dante’s Inferno.

    Misroch (Lucifer’s cook)

    With the head of an eagle, Misroch now serves the Devil fruit he has cursed from the Tree of Immortality.

    mis

    Moloch (Chief of Hell’s army)

    “And thou shalt not let any of thy seed pass through the fire to Moloch”. Moloch is a frightful sight, covered in the blood of murdered children and drenched in the tears of their grieving mothers. Anxious to start immediate warfare against God

    Appearances in popular culture:

        • In Allen Ginsberg’s 1955 poem Howl, Moloch is used as a metaphor for the American city, thus aligning McCarthy-era America with the demon.
        • In Robert A. Heinlein’s novel Job: A Comedy of Justice, the main characters join a church pastored by “Reverend Dr. M. O. Loch.”
        • Alan Moore’s Watchmen features a retired underworld crime boss who once adopted the name Moloch the Mystic (real name Edgar William Jacobi)
        • In Fritz Lang’s silent film Metropolis (1927), Moloch is a vision of a demonic machine.

    moloch

    Paimon

    Depicted as a camel-riding young woman, Paimon is utterly loyal to Lucifer and as a reward controls over 200 legions. Regularly invoked in rites and ceremonies, Paimon knows all Earthly secrets…for a price.

    Rimmon

    Although his name derives from the Hebrew for the innocent pomegranate, he is associated with Russia and is the only doctor in Hell. Largely involved in the creation of storms and thunder.

    Rosier (demon of seduction)

    Although considered a lesser-demon, Rosier still leads humans into being seduced against their will and is linked with tainted love, putting frothy, foolish words on the lips of smitten lovers.

    Sammael (devil of death)

    Accused by some of being the serpent in the Garden of Eden, Sammael crosses over into the same character as Lucifer in some texts. Demon of the arts.

    samm

    Satan (Vice president of Hell, demon of anger)

    Perhaps a slightly low rank for such a familiar name, Satan is a demon of destruction, appearing throughout the Old Testament, from the Garden of Eden to annoying Jesus in the desert. Assuming such a high rank in Heaven that he sported twelve wings, he finally met his match in a battle against the angel, Uriel.

    satan

    Succor-Beloth

    Tempting Man with thoughts of lust, this double-barrelled demon is also in charge of Hell’s harem.

    Xaphan

    Known for causing chaos, Xaphan attempted to raise troops into setting Heaven on fire, a plot that was rumbled leading to eternal damnation, fuelling the fires of Hell with a set of bellows.

    xaphan

    During the 16th century, it was believed that each demon had more strength to accomplish his mission during a special month of the year. In this way, he and his assistants’ powers would work better during that month.

        • Belial in January
        • Leviathan in February
        • Satan in March
        • Belphegor in April
        • Lucifer in May
        • Berith in June
        • Beelzebub in July
        • Astaroth in August
        • Thammuz in September
        • Baal in October
        • Asmodai in November
        • Moloch in December

    For more demonic fun, pick up a copy of The Devil by Tom and Genevieve Morgan

    Daz Lawrence, MOVIES & MANIA

    NB. This informative historical and (hopefully) entertaining post is about mythical demons that controlling societies used in the past to instil fear in gullible people, i.e. they do not exist. There is no point posting comments about demons, evil, Satan, Hell, Heaven, the afterlife, or any other faith-based fallacies, in the comments below as they add nothing to 21st century knowledge and will not be approved.

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    Buy The Devil from Amazon.comAmazon.co.uk

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    Buy The Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology from Amazon.co.uk

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    Buy Diableries: A Trip to the Underworld from Amazon.co.uk

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    Buy Diableries: A Stereoscopic Trip to Hell from Amazon.co.uk

    Related: The Entrance to Hell (article) | A Short Biography of Satan (article) | The Skull (1965 film)

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    25 Comments on “The Mythical Demons of Hell: Who’s Who in Satan’s Underworld – article”

    1. This ought to help me with my novel… basically, it’s sci-fi/fantasy-swords and sorcery with starships and aliens-with demons and other fun things like that, and the main character, a half-demon child of Satan, has to stop the main bad guys from reviving their god, Azarioth. If anyone has any ideas or suggestions or anything like that, please email me at: ergoproxy63904@gmail.com.

    2. Thanks for the information! I appreciate your diligence in siting sources. It’s hard to escape today’s “they say” mentality, but you’ve done a fantastic job setting your records straight.

    3. The antichrist is not born yet – and when he is, what makes you think he will share your predilections? Not everybody is into what is obviously in your mind. You could ask him to let you, but he may turn you down – and you will have to think of a better comment. Well, in your case, of an insult that works; but do give a try to thinking, and maybe you’ll be taken seriously.

    4. Very interesting… Yet I feel like it is mostly incorrect, it is still a relatively good source to use for their ranks and titles, I suppose.

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